What books would you recommend me reading to help me understand your political philosophies?

Here are a few suggestions for learning materials (not all are books):

Declaration of Independence
Federalist Papers
Anti-Federalist Papers
George Washington's Farewell Address
The Communist Manifesto
The Law by Frederic Bastiat
The Proper Role of Government by Ezra T. Benson (pamphlet)
The New American (magazine)
Overview of America (video)
The Five Thousand Year Leap by W. Cleon Skousen
The Making of America by W. Cleon Skousen
The Shadows of Power by James Perloff
The Creature from Jekyll Island by G. Edward Griffin
End the Fed by Ron Paul
Original Intent by David Barton